I think a Universal Basic Income(UBI), would be ideal for a number of reasons:
1) It would make the welfare system more efficient if we replaced the current one with UBI. Think about it, a UBI is given to every citizen 18 or older, no questions asked. That means there's much less need for government bureaucrats to determine if someone qualifies for welfare since basically everyone would, or just all citizens would depending on if one wants citizenship to be a condition to receive.
2) It's not as expensive as people first think, given my points in number 1, that means we aren't paying for the salaries of those aforementioned bureaucrats, as many of those jobs would no longer exist. Plus, much of the money currently being spent on current welfare systems could easily be transferred to help pay for a UBI. That said, I'd also want to decrease spending in other areas too, of course, to make up any other potential difference that would add to the deficit.
3) I don't think it discourages people from working as people first think. The current welfare system discourages people more from working. Ever heard of the welfare cliff? Well, if not, there are a few of them. If someone is earning above X dollars per year, they will no longer qualify for certain welfare programs, so in many ways, they're better off by making sure their income is like $100 less than that amount since they get more income overall by doing that. So, the solution is to work less or not at all in order to keep qualifying. In a UBI, everyone gets it no matter what, so people no longer have this incentive, and there's no welfare cliff. Plus, a UBI would cover merely the cost of living. I don't think people want to merely live in today's society. It doesn't make sense to argue that people would suddenly stop going after their aspirations and just live off of UBI, going through the motions of life while not accomplishing any purpose they feel they need. I'm pretty positive most people have a career they want to be in and want to work. At the very least, they have goals which require working, i.e accumulation of material wealth, in some cases helping others may require official work, as in the case of nurses and such, etc.
Now, I'm leaving it at this for now, but I'll likely provide more arguments later with sources and such.
Do you think a Universal basic income would be beneficial to implement?
"Nobody realizes that some people expend tremendous energy merely to be normal."
-Albert Camus, Notebook IV